关于基因学

我们的基因构成决定了我们的外表(头发和眼睛颜色、身高等)以及我们对不同外部因素(营养物质、体育运动、药物)做出的不同反应。DNA可以解释我们是如何代谢某些物质以及我们的体重是如何增加和减少的。

你可能曾听别人说过:“他走路的样子很像他父亲”或者“她笑起来真像她母亲”。这都是事实!基因在代代相传的过程中起着至关重要的作用,是父母与子女之间具有相似性的主要原因。
尽管有这些相似之处,DNA也同时具有独特性,每个人的DNA都是不尽相同的。世界上没有任何两个人(除非他们是同卵双胞胎)可能拥有完全相同的DNA。

基因检测

即使在不久之前,人类所掌握的基因学知识仍然非常有限,我们无法理解基因是如何影响我们从祖先那里继承的特征的。好在现在,情况发生了转变,我们有望解决这一难题!我们已经构建出庞大的基因知识库,并且每天都有新的发现问世。此外,我们受益于先进的技术,得以将复杂的基因组翻译为能够为普通大众所理解的简单语言。

基因分析是探索自我的强大工具。通过分析您的DNA,您可以得到在几年前还无法获取的宝贵信息!您可以根据您的基因特征和身体对某些食物、成分和维生素的反应来得出适合自己的最佳营养方案;您可以发现您是否带有任何致病的遗传风险;您可以知晓自己对不同药物的反应;您可以了解如何让肌肤保持年轻以及做哪些运动对您的身体更有益处。

GenePlanet帮助您探索个体DNA带有的特点和能力,实现更充实的人生。我们的DNA检测以针对性预防为目标,为您提供新的见解和行动计划,使您通过选择实现长期健康的最佳途径来对生活方式进行调整。探索您的基因是实现健康和充实人生的第一步。

术语表

Absolute Strength

It refers to the ability to move objects, expressed in terms of absolute weight. For example: “She can squat 80 kilos for one repetition”.

Absorption

Uptake

Alkaloid

A natural substance that is found in plants and has bitter taste.

Allele

One of the variants of genetic material on a specific location (locus) of the chromosome. An individual has a chromosome pair where there are two alleles, which can be identical or not, and this is called homozygosis or heterozygosis. Different alleles in a human population can be the reason for inherited characteristics, such as blood type or hair colour.

Allele (dominant)

gene variant that dominates in the expression over the other allele and therefore appears more often in the population. According to classical Mendelian genetics, the dominant allele is the reason for a 3-fold larger incidence of one phenotype, which is the consequence of allele forms A/A, A/a and a/A where A denotes the dominant allele.

Allele (recessive)

Gene variant that is expressed only if both alleles are recessive. It appears less frequently in the population. According to classical Mendelian genetics, the probability of the presence of a phenotype which results from two recessive alleles (a/a) is 0.25.

Amino acid

A basic structural unit, from which protein is built. Different combinations of amino acids represent different proteins. The exact combination of amino acids is encoded is encoded in DNA with three sequential nucleotides: GCU is the code for amino acid alanine, UGU for cysteine, etc.

Anticarcinogenic

Prevents the development of cancer.

Antioxidants

Substances which protect us from oxidative stress.

Artery

A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart. The main artery is the aorta.

Association study

An overview of variations in the human genome with the aim of finding the genetic links to human diseases such as asthma, high blood pressure, etc. In order to figure out these links, the genomes of the disease-free individuals must be compared to the genomes of the people who have the disease. In both groups, known sites for SNPs are checked in the genomes in order to see if some SNPs appear more often in the diseased group than in the healthy group. If certain SNPs occur mainly in the patient group, it can be assumed that they are linked to the occurrence of disease. The strength of this association is revealed by the result of the association study. Given the SNPs in his genome and the incidence of disease in the population, we can use this association to calculate the risk of the disease occurrence for a random individual whom we assume to originate from the same population. The data of association studies, published in prestigious scientific journals, are used by GenePlanet to calculate the risk of disease on the basis of personal genotyping.

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