About genetics

Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.

You may have already heard someone saying “He walks like his father” or “She has mom’s smile”. It is a fact! Genes play an essential role in passing characteristics across generations, being responsible for the similarities between parents and their children.
Despite those likenesses, our DNA is only ours and is unique! In the whole world, not even two persons (except if they would be identical twins) could have exactly the same DNA.

Genetic testing

Not so long time ago, the knowledge about genetics was still very limited and we were unable to understand how our genes influence the characteristics we’ve inherited from our ancestors. Now, the scenario is quite different and highly promising! We are lucky to have access to an incredible base of genetic knowledge that increases day-to-day. Moreover, now we benefit from advanced techniques that can translate the genome’s complexity to our simple understanding.

Genetic analyses are a powerful tool to discover ourselves. By having your DNA analyzed, you can access valuable information that only a few years ago was unattainable! You will learn what is the best nutrition based on your genes and how your body reacts to certain foods, ingredients and vitamins; you can discover if you inherited any genetic risk to develop different diseases; you will understand how you respond to various medications; you will learn how to keep your skin young and rejuvenated and get insight on which sports activities are more beneficial for you.

GenePlanet will help you to achieve a more fulfilling lifestyle by discovering your own features and abilities carried by your DNA. Our DNA tests provide new insights and tailored actions plans that are aimed at personalised prevention, so you can adjust your lifestyle by choosing the optimal path for achieving long-term health and well-being. Discovering your genes is the first step to live a healthier and fulfilling life.



Apart from proteins and fats, it is the main macronutrient. It is the basic source of energy.

Cardiac Output

The amount of blood that is moving through our cardio-vascular system in a minute.

Cardio-vascular endurance

A description of overall aerobic capacity, which includes central (heart, lungs, blood vessels) and peripheral (muscles) components.


People of white origin.

Cell respiration

A basic process where energy, carbon dioxide and water are formed from glucose and oxygen.


A rod-like form of the DNA molecule containing many hundreds or thousands of genes. The nucleus contains 22 autosomal chromosome pairs as well as one pair of sex chromosomes. In addition to the DNA molecule, there are proteins (mainly the histones) around which the DNA wraps. Such wrapping and further transformation result in a tightly formed chromosome taking up much less space than in an unfolded form.

Chromosome (autosomal)

A chromosome where both chromosomes in a pair are similar. One chromosome from a chromosome pair is obtained from the father, the other one from the mother.

Chromosome (sex)

There are two types of chromosomes: X (female) and Y (male). Women have two X chromosomes in a pair (XX) while men have an X and a Y chromosome (XY); the Y chromosome is inherited only from the father and its presence in the fetal development results in the creation of a male child.


It helps cholesterol in passing through the intestinal mucus, and it contains a minimal amount of cholesterol and triglycerides.


Non-protein compound, bound on a protein, and is necessary for protein’s biological activity.

Common variant (copy) of the gene

DNA sequence of analysed locus, which contains a nucleotide that is more common in a population (its frequency is higher than 50 percent).

Complex carbohydrates

Compound carbohydrates, which are slowly digested, and energy is provided for a long time, which makes us feel satiety longer. The increase of blood sugar level is slow, and not rapid, as in simple carbohydrates.

Continuous training

The training that involves low to moderate intensity activity without rest intervals: walking, cycling, running, swimming.

Creatine phosphate

A high-energy molecule, which is a source of energy for the muscle.

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