Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.
The process of removing harmful substances.
A chronic state in which pancreatic cells do not produce enough insulin or the body cannot effectively use the produced insulin.
The addition of two methyl compounds.
A molecule, found in the cell nucleus, which carries the instructions for the development of an organism. Human DNA is consisted of four different nucleotides and has the form of a double-helix coil. This means that two chains of DNA, which are anti-parallel and coil around one another. Anti-parallel means that the nucleotide C is always paired with G, and A always with T.
A molecule found in the cell nucleus that carries instructions for the creation of an organism. The human DNA, constructed from four different nucleotides, has a form of a double helix, meaning that two complementary DNA strands wind around each other. Complementary means that nucleotide C always pairs with G and A always with T.
A process of protein formation, in accordance with the genetic code.
A disease that requires only the presence of one allele in the chromosome pair for its expression, instead of two as is the case with recessive diseases.