About genetics

Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.

You may have already heard someone saying “He walks like his father” or “She has mom’s smile”. It is a fact! Genes play an essential role in passing characteristics across generations, being responsible for the similarities between parents and their children.
Despite those likenesses, our DNA is only ours and is unique! In the whole world, not even two persons (except if they would be identical twins) could have exactly the same DNA.

Genetic testing

Not so long time ago, the knowledge about genetics was still very limited and we were unable to understand how our genes influence the characteristics we’ve inherited from our ancestors. Now, the scenario is quite different and highly promising! We are lucky to have access to an incredible base of genetic knowledge that increases day-to-day. Moreover, now we benefit from advanced techniques that can translate the genome’s complexity to our simple understanding.

Genetic analyses are a powerful tool to discover ourselves. By having your DNA analyzed, you can access valuable information that only a few years ago was unattainable! You will learn what is the best nutrition based on your genes and how your body reacts to certain foods, ingredients and vitamins; you can discover if you inherited any genetic risk to develop different diseases; you will understand how you respond to various medications; you will learn how to keep your skin young and rejuvenated and get insight on which sports activities are more beneficial for you.

GenePlanet will help you to achieve a more fulfilling lifestyle by discovering your own features and abilities carried by your DNA. Our DNA tests provide new insights and tailored actions plans that are aimed at personalised prevention, so you can adjust your lifestyle by choosing the optimal path for achieving long-term health and well-being. Discovering your genes is the first step to live a healthier and fulfilling life.

Glossary

Gene

Part of the DNA sequence that carries the information for the formation of protein. Genes are inherited from parents to their descendants and give information, which is needed for the formation and development of an organism.

Genetic analysis

Review, or the analysis of your genes.

Genetic makeup

Is a general term, which is usually a synonym for genotype, or variant of the DNA gene sequence. However, the term can refer also to the region of the genome, where the gene is not present.

Genetic risk

Risk for, for example, excess body weight, lack of a vitamin or a mineral, which is determined by your genes.

Genome

The entire DNA found in the cell nucleus that contains all autosomal chromosomes and both sex chromosomes.

Genotype

Both allele forms of the gene of an individual. The genotype can represent all alleles in the cell, but mainly it is used to describe one or more genes exerting a common effect on a trait.

Genotyping

The process of determining an individual’s genotype, whereby the genotype of one or more genes is studied. Genotyping of a disease or association with a certain ethnic group is a process that uses SNP markers. Their appearance is linked to the appearance of a specific gene, and the information about what SNP markers an individual possesses is used to determine the probability of developing a disease.

Glucose

The basic representative of carbohydrates, also called blood sugar.

Glycemic index

It indicates how much a certain food increases blood sugar (it does not consider the amount of food).

Glycemic load

It indicates how much a certain food increases blood sugar (it considers the amount of food).

Glycogen

The basic structural form of glucose storage in our body.

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