Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.
Part of the DNA sequence that carries the information for the formation of protein. Genes are inherited from parents to their descendants and give information, which is needed for the formation and development of an organism.
Review, or the analysis of your genes.
Is a general term, which is usually a synonym for genotype, or variant of the DNA gene sequence. However, the term can refer also to the region of the genome, where the gene is not present.
Risk for, for example, excess body weight, lack of a vitamin or a mineral, which is determined by your genes.
The entire DNA found in the cell nucleus that contains all autosomal chromosomes and both sex chromosomes.
Both allele forms of the gene of an individual. The genotype can represent all alleles in the cell, but mainly it is used to describe one or more genes exerting a common effect on a trait.
The process of determining an individual’s genotype, whereby the genotype of one or more genes is studied. Genotyping of a disease or association with a certain ethnic group is a process that uses SNP markers. Their appearance is linked to the appearance of a specific gene, and the information about what SNP markers an individual possesses is used to determine the probability of developing a disease.
The basic representative of carbohydrates, also called blood sugar.
It indicates how much a certain food increases blood sugar (it does not consider the amount of food).
It indicates how much a certain food increases blood sugar (it considers the amount of food).
The basic structural form of glucose storage in our body.