About genetics

Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.

You may have already heard someone saying “He walks like his father” or “She has mom’s smile”. It is a fact! Genes play an essential role in passing characteristics across generations, being responsible for the similarities between parents and their children.
Despite those likenesses, our DNA is only ours and is unique! In the whole world, not even two persons (except if they would be identical twins) could have exactly the same DNA.

Genetic testing

Not so long time ago, the knowledge about genetics was still very limited and we were unable to understand how our genes influence the characteristics we’ve inherited from our ancestors. Now, the scenario is quite different and highly promising! We are lucky to have access to an incredible base of genetic knowledge that increases day-to-day. Moreover, now we benefit from advanced techniques that can translate the genome’s complexity to our simple understanding.

Genetic analyses are a powerful tool to discover ourselves. By having your DNA analyzed, you can access valuable information that only a few years ago was unattainable! You will learn what is the best nutrition based on your genes and how your body reacts to certain foods, ingredients and vitamins; you can discover if you inherited any genetic risk to develop different diseases; you will understand how you respond to various medications; you will learn how to keep your skin young and rejuvenated and get insight on which sports activities are more beneficial for you.

GenePlanet will help you to achieve a more fulfilling lifestyle by discovering your own features and abilities carried by your DNA. Our DNA tests provide new insights and tailored actions plans that are aimed at personalised prevention, so you can adjust your lifestyle by choosing the optimal path for achieving long-term health and well-being. Discovering your genes is the first step to live a healthier and fulfilling life.

Glossary

Haemophilia

A recessive, sex-linked disease, where blood does not coagulate properly. Even small wounds may make the diseased individual bleed to death.

Haplotype

A group of alleles found in the same chromosome. Due to its locus, they are tightly interlinked and thus inherited together.

Heart Rate

Number of heart contractions per minute.

Heritability

The proportion of phenotypic variation that is attributable to genetic variation. The greater the heritability, the greater the genetic influence on the appearance of a specific disease and the smaller the environmental influence (e.g. smoking and exposure to poisonous substances). Heritability is merely an appraisal; the exact determination would require extremely large population samples.

Heterozygote

The alleles in both chromosomes are different.

Homozygote

The alleles in both chromosomes are identical.

Hydrogenised fats

Are trans fats, which are formed with heating of plant oils at high temperatures.

Hypertrophy

The term, related to cell growth, used when talking about muscle growth or fat cells volume changes.

Hypothalamus

Is cherry-size part in the middle of the brain, and it is the centre of all information concerning endocrine hormones.

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