Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.
A recessive, sex-linked disease, where blood does not coagulate properly. Even small wounds may make the diseased individual bleed to death.
A group of alleles found in the same chromosome. Due to its locus, they are tightly interlinked and thus inherited together.
Number of heart contractions per minute.
The proportion of phenotypic variation that is attributable to genetic variation. The greater the heritability, the greater the genetic influence on the appearance of a specific disease and the smaller the environmental influence (e.g. smoking and exposure to poisonous substances). Heritability is merely an appraisal; the exact determination would require extremely large population samples.
The alleles in both chromosomes are different.
The alleles in both chromosomes are identical.
Are trans fats, which are formed with heating of plant oils at high temperatures.
The term, related to cell growth, used when talking about muscle growth or fat cells volume changes.
Is cherry-size part in the middle of the brain, and it is the centre of all information concerning endocrine hormones.