Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.
A hormone that regulates blood sugar level.
The state of our body being irresponsive to insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar level.
The level of exertion. Or, “how hard is the effort, relative to one’s maximal capacity”. In the endurance field, intensity usually refers to a given percent of the maximal heart rate (e.g. 70%HRmax for a moderate Intensity). In the strength training field, it is usually presented by RM (repetitions maximum).
Training that combines bouts of moderate to high-intensity performance with rest periods between them. The intensity of the bouts and the recovery time should be well planned and depend on the final goal of the training.
A part of the gene sequence, also termed the non-coding gene sequence. Introns are found between exons and are spliced out during transcription, resulting in splicing together of exons. Proteins are formed only from exons.