Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.
Group, consists of carbohydrates, proteins and fats (saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated).
A known DNA nucleotide sequence, which is located in such close proximity to a specific gene on the chromosome that the marker and the gene are inherited together. The marker is used to follow a certain gene. SNPs are a type of markers used by the GenePlanet for the services it provides.
The maximal weight one can lift in a given movement pattern.
The process of the breakdown, or formation of new substances in the body.
Nutrients our body needs in small quantities, but are nevertheless vital to our health. This includes vitamins and minerals.
A cell organelle which produces energy for the cell function and contains its own genetic material.
The most basic and simple carbohydrate. For example glucose, fructose, mannose …
An extremely beneficial type of fatty acids.
Cells that form muscles. Their name is due to their elongated shape.
A random change in the genetic material. Deletions are mutations where nucleotides on a part of genetic material are erased (deleted), insertions, where there is an insertion of nucleotides on a part of the genetic material, and substitution, where nucleotides are replaced with other nucleotides.
Transports and stores oxygen in muscles.