Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.
Working with an individual; various tools (genotyping, risk assessment, etc.) are used to determine the individual’s probability of contracting a disease and the types of diseases he or she may contract. Based on the results obtained, preventive measures can be suggested and, in the case of appearance of the disease, the most effective type of treatment can be determined.
The visible characteristics of an individual, such as the hair colour, as well as the presence or absence of disease. The expression of a phenotype is influenced by the genotype as well as the individual’s environment.
The composite of an organism’s observable characteristics or traits, such as eye colour.
The exercise that engages the so-called “short-stretching cycle”. Some examples: hoops, landing to jumping transition, medicine ball drills.
The presence of two or more different alleles of one gene in the population. The consequence is the presence of several different phenotypes. However, the different allele must be present in more than 1% of the population or else it is considered a mutation.
The presence of two or more different alleles of one gene in the population. The result of this is the presence of several phenotypes. However, a different allele has to be present in more than one percent of the population to be called polymorphism.
A very beneficial type of fatty acids. They include omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
The mechanical work (W) done in a certain period of time (t), or W/t. The units of power are “Watts”. As work equals force times distance (d), or F*d, Power turns to be Force*Speed (d/t) or, applying to an athlete’s ability and formulated in an accessible language – Power is the ability to express force in a fast manner.
A term, used to define a set of activities that aim to take care of known intrinsic (related to a person) injury risk factors. Some of the risk factors cannot be treated by an exercise intervention, but others definitely can. Among the risk factors that can be accessed and treated by exercise are: inadequate range of motion; strength, timing and motor control deficits, asymmetry and low aerobic fitness. Usually, those Prehab interventions are prescribed after an appropriate screening procedure and are extremely personal, according to the activities the person takes part in and matching their personal characteristics. The athlete is guided to perform the set of exercises (self-myofascial release, mobility drills, stretching, strengthening, aerobics etc.). As a special warm-up routine or as an additional training session itself.
Indicates the proportion of people in a population who have a certain sign or disease at the time point of the research, irrespective of when they fell ill or when the signs appeared. In order to be able to compare prevalence in populations, we must also know the population where the proportion of the people was measured in addition to the proportion of the people itself, as well as the time point of the measurement. By measuring prevalence we can follow a decrease of a certain disease due to improved preventive measures (e.g. prevalence of HIV infection) as well as determine the incidence of a certain disease on a lifetime basis, in a certain life period or annually.
Contains lactic acid bacteria, which help regulate digestion.