About genetics

Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.

You may have already heard someone saying “He walks like his father” or “She has mom’s smile”. It is a fact! Genes play an essential role in passing characteristics across generations, being responsible for the similarities between parents and their children.
Despite those likenesses, our DNA is only ours and is unique! In the whole world, not even two persons (except if they would be identical twins) could have exactly the same DNA.

Genetic testing

Not so long time ago, the knowledge about genetics was still very limited and we were unable to understand how our genes influence the characteristics we’ve inherited from our ancestors. Now, the scenario is quite different and highly promising! We are lucky to have access to an incredible base of genetic knowledge that increases day-to-day. Moreover, now we benefit from advanced techniques that can translate the genome’s complexity to our simple understanding.

Genetic analyses are a powerful tool to discover ourselves. By having your DNA analyzed, you can access valuable information that only a few years ago was unattainable! You will learn what is the best nutrition based on your genes and how your body reacts to certain foods, ingredients and vitamins; you can discover if you inherited any genetic risk to develop different diseases; you will understand how you respond to various medications; you will learn how to keep your skin young and rejuvenated and get insight on which sports activities are more beneficial for you.

GenePlanet will help you to achieve a more fulfilling lifestyle by discovering your own features and abilities carried by your DNA. Our DNA tests provide new insights and tailored actions plans that are aimed at personalised prevention, so you can adjust your lifestyle by choosing the optimal path for achieving long-term health and well-being. Discovering your genes is the first step to live a healthier and fulfilling life.

Glossary

Personalized medicine

Working with an individual; various tools (genotyping, risk assessment, etc.) are used to determine the individual’s probability of contracting a disease and the types of diseases he or she may contract. Based on the results obtained, preventive measures can be suggested and, in the case of appearance of the disease, the most effective type of treatment can be determined.

Phenotype

The visible characteristics of an individual, such as the hair colour, as well as the presence or absence of disease. The expression of a phenotype is influenced by the genotype as well as the individual’s environment.

Phenotypic features

The composite of an organism’s observable characteristics or traits, such as eye colour.

Plyometric exercise

The exercise that engages the so-called “short-stretching cycle”. Some examples: hoops, landing to jumping transition, medicine ball drills.

Polymorphism

The presence of two or more different alleles of one gene in the population. The consequence is the presence of several different phenotypes. However, the different allele must be present in more than 1% of the population or else it is considered a mutation.

Polymorphism

The presence of two or more different alleles of one gene in the population. The result of this is the presence of several phenotypes. However, a different allele has to be present in more than one percent of the population to be called polymorphism.

Polyunsaturated fats

A very beneficial type of fatty acids. They include omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.

Power

The mechanical work (W) done in a certain period of time (t), or W/t. The units of power are “Watts”. As work equals force times distance (d), or F*d, Power turns to be Force*Speed (d/t) or, applying to an athlete’s ability and formulated in an accessible language – Power is the ability to express force in a fast manner.

Prehab

A term, used to define a set of activities that aim to take care of known intrinsic (related to a person) injury risk factors. Some of the risk factors cannot be treated by an exercise intervention, but others definitely can. Among the risk factors that can be accessed and treated by exercise are: inadequate range of motion; strength, timing and motor control deficits, asymmetry and low aerobic fitness. Usually, those Prehab interventions are prescribed after an appropriate screening procedure and are extremely personal, according to the activities the person takes part in and matching their personal characteristics. The athlete is guided to perform the set of exercises (self-myofascial release, mobility drills, stretching, strengthening, aerobics etc.). As a special warm-up routine or as an additional training session itself.

Prevalence

Indicates the proportion of people in a population who have a certain sign or disease at the time point of the research, irrespective of when they fell ill or when the signs appeared. In order to be able to compare prevalence in populations, we must also know the population where the proportion of the people was measured in addition to the proportion of the people itself, as well as the time point of the measurement. By measuring prevalence we can follow a decrease of a certain disease due to improved preventive measures (e.g. prevalence of HIV infection) as well as determine the incidence of a certain disease on a lifetime basis, in a certain life period or annually.

Probiotic yoghurt

Contains lactic acid bacteria, which help regulate digestion.

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