About genetics

Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.

You may have already heard someone saying “He walks like his father” or “She has mom’s smile”. It is a fact! Genes play an essential role in passing characteristics across generations, being responsible for the similarities between parents and their children.
Despite those likenesses, our DNA is only ours and is unique! In the whole world, not even two persons (except if they would be identical twins) could have exactly the same DNA.

Genetic testing

Not so long time ago, the knowledge about genetics was still very limited and we were unable to understand how our genes influence the characteristics we’ve inherited from our ancestors. Now, the scenario is quite different and highly promising! We are lucky to have access to an incredible base of genetic knowledge that increases day-to-day. Moreover, now we benefit from advanced techniques that can translate the genome’s complexity to our simple understanding.

Genetic analyses are a powerful tool to discover ourselves. By having your DNA analyzed, you can access valuable information that only a few years ago was unattainable! You will learn what is the best nutrition based on your genes and how your body reacts to certain foods, ingredients and vitamins; you can discover if you inherited any genetic risk to develop different diseases; you will understand how you respond to various medications; you will learn how to keep your skin young and rejuvenated and get insight on which sports activities are more beneficial for you.

GenePlanet will help you to achieve a more fulfilling lifestyle by discovering your own features and abilities carried by your DNA. Our DNA tests provide new insights and tailored actions plans that are aimed at personalised prevention, so you can adjust your lifestyle by choosing the optimal path for achieving long-term health and well-being. Discovering your genes is the first step to live a healthier and fulfilling life.

Glossary

Rare variant (copy) of a gene

DNA sequence of the analysed locus, which contains a nucleotide that is rarer in the population (its frequency is lower than 50 percent).

Rate of Perceived Exertion (RPE)

An alternative way to measure the intensity of the training effort. The person evaluates his own level of effort by grading it on the 6-20 scale (BORG scale) or 0-10 (OMNI scale). Researchers have found that a high correlation exists between the subjectively evaluated level of exertion and the scientifically measured one (%HRmax or %VO2Max).

Reactive oxygen species

Highly reactive free radicals, which contain oxygen.

Recessive disease

The gene causing the disease is recessive, meaning that two such recessive alleles must be present in a chromosome pair (each on its own chromosome) in order for the disease to be expressed. If only one recessive allele is present on one of the chromosomes, the disease does not develop.

Refined

Purified, industrially processed, and it unfavourably influences our health.

Relative Strength

It describes capability to execute Body Weight exercise (e.g. chin up, handstand push-ups…) or to move external objects, when the weight is expressed relative to his/her body weight. For example: “He can Deadlift 2 times his body weight” (2BW).

Resting heart rate (RHR)

The number of heart beats per minute in a seated posture, measured after a rest period. When you wake up in the morning, sit on your bed and count the heart rate (beats per minute) before you get involved in any kind of activity.

Risk (absolute)

The probability, indicating the possibility of a disease developing in an individual’s lifetime. For instance, if 3 out of 30 people fall ill, the absolute risk of an individual falling ill is 10%.

Risk (relative)

The probability, used to show the possibility of disease development in two different groups of people. If the data above is used, the probability of an individual falling ill is 10%. If the relative probability is 2, it means that the possibility of the second group falling ill is 2 times greater than the possibility of the first group. The second group will thus have twice the number of the diseased, i.e. 20%, which means that 6 out of every 30 people will fall ill.

RM (Repetitions Maximum)

The maximal number of repetitions that may be executed with a “strict form” in a given exercise. For example, if someone’s RM10 for Back Squat is 80 kg, this means that a person can lift an 80 kg barbell 10 times. RM1 refers to the maximal Intensity, (the weight that can be lifted only one time).

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