Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.
DNA sequence of the analysed locus, which contains a nucleotide that is rarer in the population (its frequency is lower than 50 percent).
An alternative way to measure the intensity of the training effort. The person evaluates his own level of effort by grading it on the 6-20 scale (BORG scale) or 0-10 (OMNI scale). Researchers have found that a high correlation exists between the subjectively evaluated level of exertion and the scientifically measured one (%HRmax or %VO2Max).
Highly reactive free radicals, which contain oxygen.
The gene causing the disease is recessive, meaning that two such recessive alleles must be present in a chromosome pair (each on its own chromosome) in order for the disease to be expressed. If only one recessive allele is present on one of the chromosomes, the disease does not develop.
Purified, industrially processed, and it unfavourably influences our health.
It describes capability to execute Body Weight exercise (e.g. chin up, handstand push-ups…) or to move external objects, when the weight is expressed relative to his/her body weight. For example: “He can Deadlift 2 times his body weight” (2BW).
The number of heart beats per minute in a seated posture, measured after a rest period. When you wake up in the morning, sit on your bed and count the heart rate (beats per minute) before you get involved in any kind of activity.
The probability, indicating the possibility of a disease developing in an individual’s lifetime. For instance, if 3 out of 30 people fall ill, the absolute risk of an individual falling ill is 10%.
The probability, used to show the possibility of disease development in two different groups of people. If the data above is used, the probability of an individual falling ill is 10%. If the relative probability is 2, it means that the possibility of the second group falling ill is 2 times greater than the possibility of the first group. The second group will thus have twice the number of the diseased, i.e. 20%, which means that 6 out of every 30 people will fall ill.
The maximal number of repetitions that may be executed with a “strict form” in a given exercise. For example, if someone’s RM10 for Back Squat is 80 kg, this means that a person can lift an 80 kg barbell 10 times. RM1 refers to the maximal Intensity, (the weight that can be lifted only one time).