Our genetic makeup determines our appearance (the colour of our hair and eyes, if we are tall or short) and how we respond to different external factors (nutrients, physical activities, medications). Our DNA can explain how we metabolize certain substances and how our body can lose and gain weight.
Mainly animal fats, also called “bad fats” because they are increasing cholesterol levels.
Polymorphism at specific DNA site (locus), which occurs because of the substitution of one nucleotide with another (i.e. A -> C). It represents a variation in the genetic makeup, which differs among people. These variations can be numerous because there are approximately 10 million SNPs in the human genome. The mentioned substitutions express in phenotypical differences (illnesses, characteristics) among individual people.
The term is usually used to describe one’s ability to apply force to external objects.
The amount of blood that is pumped out from the heart to aorta with a single heart contraction.